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  • False beliefs persist after correction

    Before I get into the study itself I would like to point out that posting this is not a rebuttal to any previous discussion. I think this is a very fascinating study on the human tendency and something for all of us to keep in mind when interacting online and how our ability, or lack therof, to influence the opinions of others at least in the moment. OK, so here's the stuff...

    The concept is simple, provide instant corrections to web-surfers when they run across obviously false information on the Internet. But a new study suggests that this type of tool may not dispel inaccurate beliefs, particularly among people who already want to believe the falsehood. The problem with trying to correct false information is that some people want to believe it, and simply telling them it is false won't convince them. For example, the rumor that President Obama was not born in the United States was widely believed during the past election season, even though it was thoroughly debunked.

    The prospect of correcting falsehoods like this online before they have a chance to spread widely has obvious appeal, Garrett said. But will it work? In order to find out, Garrett conducted a study with Brian Weeks, a graduate student in communication at Ohio State (ugh). Their study which they presented Feb. 26 in Austin, Texas, appears in the 2013 Proceedings of the Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing conference.

    Participants in the study were a diverse group of 574 adults from across the country who participated online. The experiment was designed to see what would happen when participants read false statements copied from a political blog about the issue of electronic health records. While some of the information, collected from news stories and government sources, was correct, the researchers also inserted several false statements about who was allowed access to these records. For instance, the message falsely claimed that hospital administrators, health insurance companies and even government officials had unrestricted access to people's electronic health records.

    The participants were divided into three groups - some were presented with an immediate correction, saying that FactCheck.org, an independent fact-checking organization, had concluded this blog post contained factual errors. Inaccurate statements were italicized, enclosed in brackets and displayed in red, and a detailed correction appeared at the bottom of the page.

    Others read the blog post with the errors, followed by completing an unrelated three-minute task, and then were presented with the exact same correction. The final group was presented only with the inaccurate message during the study. Afterwards, all participants were asked how easy or difficult it would be for several groups to access electronic health records. Participants were graded based on the accuracy of their answers.

    In general, those who received the immediate correction were just slightly more likely to be accurate than those who received the delayed correction. Those who received no corrections were, not surprisingly, the least accurate. But the most interesting results came when the researchers analyzed who was influenced by each kind of correction.

    The real-time correction worked well with participants who indicated at the beginning of the study that they supported electronic health records, also called EHRs. "But for those who opposed EHRs, the effect of the immediate correction was essentially the same as if they had received no correction at all," Garrett said. The reason appears to be that opponents of EHRs discounted the credibility of the source of the correction, Garrett said. On the other hand, the more favorably an individual felt about EHRs, the more credible the correction was perceived to be.

    Although this pattern was also evident among those who received the delayed correction, the effect was significantly weaker. Garrett said the results of this study cast doubt on the theory that people who believe false rumors need only to be educated about the truth to change their minds. "Humans aren't vessels into which you can just pour accurate information," he said. "Correcting mis-perceptions is really a persuasion task. You have to convince people that, while there are competing claims, one claim is clearly more accurate." Garrett noted that, while instant corrections were slightly more effective than delayed corrections, the problem is that instant corrections actually increase resistance among those whose attitudes are supported by the falsehood.

  • #2
    KB,

    Do you have the study?...

    (Much of what you've entered above appears here: http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/realtimecorr.htm)

    -S
    The Book Has Arrived!
    The Book Has Arrived!

    Life's journey is not to arrive at the grave safely in a pristine, well-preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways, used up, worn out, and shouting, "Holy #$&^%$^... What a ride!!!"


    www.TrueNutrition.com

    2012 NPC Master's Nationals HW 5th. Mid-USA HW & Overall
    2010 NPC Jr. USA HW 4th, Pacific USA Heavy 2nd
    2009 NPC Mr. Arizona HW & Overall, Jr. Nationals HW 16th, Smoked at USA's

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    • #3
      Originally posted by homonunculus View Post
      KB,

      Do you have the study?...

      (Much of what you've entered above appears here: http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/realtimecorr.htm)

      -S
      Yup, same one...I just condensed a little for ease. Here's the study if you're interested

      http://wp.comm.ohio-state.edu/misper...CSCW-final.pdf

      Comment


      • #4
        Pretty funny. An example of what is claimed is exibited in the second paragraph....in an attempt to show how others are wrong. Lol
        Follow my NEW journal if you please:


        http://www.intensemuscle.com/showthread.php?t=48304

        "They say I'm no good...cause I'm so hood, rich folks do not want me around" 50

        "You are you. That is truer than true. There is no one alive who is Youer than You."
        Dr. Seuss


        I would like to thank all the stupid people of the world. Without you guys I would only be average.


        "Tell them bitches get a stick I'm done leading the blind"
        Nicki Minaj

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        • #5
          Nice post.

          Though I think this is a personal rebuttal to an earlier thread.

          And

          No amount of this type of talk is going to change my view on that.

          unless I'm missing the obvious.

          http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oSQJP40PcGI
          "Be gentle in what you do, firm in how you do it."
          Buck Brannaman.

          "It is the certainty of punishment that deters crime, not the severity of it."
          'Hanging' Judge PARKER

          "Nothing is so powerful as an insight into human nature... what compulsions drive a man, what instincts dominate his action... if you know these things about a man you can touch him at the core of his being."
          ~William Bernbach

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          • #6
            Originally posted by SAHD View Post
            Nice post.

            Though I think this is a personal rebuttal to an earlier thread.

            And

            No amount of this type of talk is going to change my view on that.

            unless I'm missing the obvious.

            http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oSQJP40PcGI
            Thanks. Which particular post do you think it's a rebuttal to? And, remind me of the view that you're referencing, because it sounds like you and I were involved in some discussion, but I don't recall that being the case. Maybe you were just reading, but not participating?

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            • #7
              Originally posted by Knickerbocker24 View Post
              Yup, same one...I just condensed a little for ease. Here's the study if you're interested

              http://wp.comm.ohio-state.edu/misper...CSCW-final.pdf
              Thanks, KB.

              -S
              The Book Has Arrived!
              The Book Has Arrived!

              Life's journey is not to arrive at the grave safely in a pristine, well-preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways, used up, worn out, and shouting, "Holy #$&^%$^... What a ride!!!"


              www.TrueNutrition.com

              2012 NPC Master's Nationals HW 5th. Mid-USA HW & Overall
              2010 NPC Jr. USA HW 4th, Pacific USA Heavy 2nd
              2009 NPC Mr. Arizona HW & Overall, Jr. Nationals HW 16th, Smoked at USA's

              Comment


              • #8
                No real reference, I was continuing the theme of taking a view and despite evidence to the contrary sticking with it. Your first sentence is a disclaimer, I was playing on this to the effect that you were trying to change a view point from the outset.

                Claiming there was no previous discussion that you were rebutting to instantly reveals the idea that you believe that there could have been or at least you were concerned that there is/was a discussion similar enough that you assumed someone would think that this was in effect a rebuttal.

                Like when some one starts a sentence with - "Now this story is absolutely true" indicating that their other stories are either not absolutey true or completely false. (Sorry, I'm a cop, it's what we do.)

                To be clear we have not had previous discussions. I am not at a level to discuss anything with you bar icecream flavours. On all things training I am at the level of reading what you write and using Google to try and find where the parts are that you keep naming and to decipher half the other words.

                That last bit goes for Homon too.
                "Be gentle in what you do, firm in how you do it."
                Buck Brannaman.

                "It is the certainty of punishment that deters crime, not the severity of it."
                'Hanging' Judge PARKER

                "Nothing is so powerful as an insight into human nature... what compulsions drive a man, what instincts dominate his action... if you know these things about a man you can touch him at the core of his being."
                ~William Bernbach

                Comment


                • #9
                  Originally posted by SAHD View Post
                  To be clear we have not had previous discussions. I am not at a level to discuss anything with you bar icecream flavours. On all things training I am at the level of reading what you write and using Google to try and find where the parts are that you keep naming and to decipher half the other words.
                  My bad...I'll have to work on that.

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